Racial Identification among Hispanics, by U.S. State

hispanicsbystate.png

According to the system used by the Census Bureau, Hispanic is not a “race” in the United States. Instead, Hispanic is viewed as a separate national “origin”, so that Hispanics can be of any race. For example,  Hispanics from Cuba are much likelier to identify as White, a Hispanic whose origin comes from the Dominican Republic might identify as Black, and a Hispanic who is mostly indigenous in heritage might identify as Native American. Other Hispanics either don’t see any of the racial groups fitting them, or believe that Hispanic is a race, and so choose the “Some Other Race” category on the census.

Nationally, the majority of Hispanics identify as white, while 37% identify as “Some Other Race”, and smaller numbers identify as Multiracial, Black, American Indian, Asian, and Pacific Islander. Geographically there are a few clear patterns in how Hispanics racially identify. In Texas and New Mexico the number of Hispanics who identify as White is very high. This also holds true in Florida, where a large portion of the Hispanic population is Cuban and over 3/4s of Hispanics identify as White. In contrast, the Deep South generally has a high portion of Hispanics identifying as “Some Other Race”, as does the Pacific Northwest. Hawaii is unique since the largest Hispanic racial group is those who identify as Multiracial.

State Largest Hispanic Racial Group White % “Some Other Race” % Multiracial % Black % American Indian % Asian % Pacific Islander %
United States White 52.97% 36.66% 6.03% 2.46% 1.36% 0.41% 0.12%
Alabama Other 38.25% 50.04% 5.82% 3.70% 1.25% 0.35% 0.58%
Alaska White 46.51% 25.46% 16.58% 3.35% 5.90% 1.72% 0.48%
Arizona White 51.26% 39.74% 5.47% 1.05% 2.06% 0.33% 0.09%
Arkansas Other 38.57% 52.38% 6.01% 1.50% 1.11% 0.24% 0.19%
California White 46.37% 44.47% 6.04% 0.97% 1.43% 0.61% 0.11%
Colorado White 54.72% 34.32% 6.89% 1.25% 2.38% 0.33% 0.09%
Connecticut White 47.20% 38.88% 6.92% 5.67% 0.91% 0.31% 0.10%
Delaware White 43.52% 39.60% 7.61% 6.87% 1.85% 0.33% 0.22%
District of Columbia Other 40.20% 41.87% 8.52% 7.44% 1.38% 0.43% 0.16%
Florida White 76.34% 14.98% 4.30% 3.52% 0.57% 0.23% 0.06%
Georgia White 43.75% 43.31% 6.50% 4.64% 1.27% 0.33% 0.19%
Hawaii Multiracial 22.56% 12.49% 46.87% 1.26% 1.11% 9.75% 5.96%
Idaho White 45.62% 44.33% 6.91% 0.53% 2.21% 0.31% 0.09%
Illinois White 49.82% 41.70% 5.23% 1.65% 1.24% 0.31% 0.05%
Indiana White 46.56% 42.25% 7.32% 2.38% 1.10% 0.26% 0.13%
Iowa White 53.08% 35.63% 7.69% 1.48% 1.65% 0.33% 0.14%
Kansas White 53.49% 35.73% 7.01% 1.72% 1.69% 0.26% 0.09%
Kentucky White 48.09% 38.33% 8.35% 3.35% 1.11% 0.45% 0.32%
Louisiana White 52.61% 32.43% 7.85% 5.18% 1.29% 0.42% 0.22%
Maine White 63.03% 19.17% 11.49% 3.27% 2.11% 0.76% 0.17%
Maryland White 42.78% 41.40% 8.26% 5.54% 1.40% 0.46% 0.16%
Massachusetts White 44.68% 38.81% 7.94% 6.80% 1.29% 0.36% 0.12%
Michigan White 53.44% 31.43% 9.15% 3.81% 1.68% 0.39% 0.10%
Minnesota White 47.52% 38.78% 8.78% 2.11% 2.20% 0.49% 0.12%
Mississippi Other 39.76% 44.59% 7.59% 5.98% 1.45% 0.33% 0.29%
Missouri White 50.84% 35.34% 8.68% 2.94% 1.56% 0.41% 0.23%
Montana White 57.18% 19.03% 12.90% 0.99% 9.29% 0.40% 0.21%
Nebraska Other 43.66% 45.99% 6.62% 1.15% 2.17% 0.22% 0.19%
Nevada White 45.30% 44.67% 6.55% 1.47% 1.19% 0.61% 0.20%
New Hampshire White 57.21% 27.95% 9.15% 3.84% 1.25% 0.45% 0.15%
New Jersey White 52.37% 34.22% 6.78% 5.11% 1.08% 0.38% 0.07%
New Mexico White 60.21% 31.96% 4.95% 0.74% 1.87% 0.20% 0.06%
New York White 42.05% 39.80% 7.60% 8.49% 1.55% 0.41% 0.10%
North Carolina Other 38.11% 49.86% 6.30% 3.60% 1.66% 0.30% 0.17%
North Dakota White 55.26% 23.52% 11.05% 1.78% 7.64% 0.52% 0.22%
Ohio White 50.80% 32.39% 9.74% 5.23% 1.24% 0.41% 0.19%
Oklahoma Other 39.60% 45.62% 8.81% 1.68% 3.90% 0.28% 0.12%
Oregon Other 44.16% 44.24% 7.76% 0.94% 2.33% 0.41% 0.16%
Pennsylvania White 43.30% 39.53% 8.23% 7.03% 1.38% 0.39% 0.13%
Rhode Island Other 40.71% 41.93% 8.65% 6.60% 1.56% 0.36% 0.19%
South Carolina Other 41.27% 45.72% 6.68% 4.53% 1.23% 0.32% 0.25%
South Dakota White 44.71% 31.73% 11.23% 1.12% 10.58% 0.26% 0.37%
Tennessee Other 41.77% 46.73% 6.87% 2.73% 1.27% 0.32% 0.30%
Texas White 66.63% 27.42% 3.80% 0.98% 0.96% 0.17% 0.04%
Utah Other 44.05% 45.50% 7.40% 0.93% 1.63% 0.31% 0.18%
Vermont White 65.91% 17.03% 10.44% 3.63% 2.00% 0.78% 0.22%
Virginia White 47.55% 37.82% 8.19% 4.38% 1.35% 0.57% 0.15%
Washington Other 42.28% 44.72% 8.68% 1.38% 2.00% 0.72% 0.22%
West Virginia White 61.67% 22.13% 9.66% 4.50% 1.32% 0.54% 0.18%
Wisconsin White 48.70% 39.21% 7.42% 2.45% 1.79% 0.35% 0.08%
Wyoming White 54.56% 33.07% 8.07% 0.79% 3.09% 0.29% 0.12%

 

Data Source:

Minnesota Population Center. National Historical Geographic Information System: Version 2.0. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota 2011.

http://www.nhgis.org

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